A) Cotton and Drought resilience Project by TNC
Beed district in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra is a drought prone district with dry black soils suited to cotton. It is a hilly terrain with dryland ecosystems. The area has hard-rock aquifers which make groundwater relatively expensive to access.There are 11 blocks in Beed district among which Parli and Ambajogai blocks account for about 30% acreage of cotton growing in the region. 60% of the villages are situated in a hilly belt with red, stony alluvial soil, while the remaining 40% are on undulating plains with medium to deep, black cotton soil. The cotton crop requires rainfed irrigation only and cannot withstand flood irrigation. However, repeated droughts in the last 5 years along with the lack of labor for harvesting cotton, have led to extensive failure of the crop. The average land holding in the area is 2-5 acres.As part of the proposed project, a portfolio of activities such as implementation of drip irrigation in low penetration areas of Parli and Ambajogai blocks of Beed, creating an ecosystem of facilitating drip irrigation for farmers including soil and water conservation activities, capacity building of farmers, and working with vulnerable communities including women farmers would be carried out on the ground in the short term. We aim to impact 30 Hectares of farmland with cotton and a combination of other crops suited to the region cultivated in combination with cotton will be implemented in the current year (June 2019 - May 2020). Drip irrigation is expected to exhibit water savings of 40-60%. However, the exact figures would be possible to attain only after studies are carried out for the specific geological characteristics of the landscape and within the context of small landholdings and high vulnerabilities of the farmers. Thus, an impact evaluation study would be carried out under the Monitoring andEvaluation of the project for the volume of water saved due to implementation of drip irrigation within this project. The villages chosen would be contiguous in the landscape in areas where drip irrigation has not reached. The beneficiaries would be chosen by the local village-level institutions and Manavlok based on a socio-economic profiling of the villages and the project design will ensure that at least 15% of the beneficiaries will be women farmers.TNC and Manavlok would further like to work towards long-term goals of building a body of field research on dryland ecosystems and the services of value for agriculture and using ecosystem-based solutions to facilitate the farmers’ management of drought risk. TNC and Manavlok would also like to work on influencing drought policy through interdisciplinary collaborations and action research around Decision Support Systems and Early Warning Systems for Droughts in India, and research on a framework for “Ecological Droughts”.
B) Desilting of dried water bodies
Removing silt from the dried dams & spreading it over the nearby farms of farmers from that dam area so that it will help- to restore the original water storage capacity of dams & to increase the soil fertility & crop production. As per our impact assessments on the activity- there are remarkable outcomes of pouring of silt on the dry land farm; Production of farm without pouring silt yield 1 quintal approximate per acre and Production of farm with pouring silt yield 3 quintals per acre and desilted water bodies now have more water storage capacity and increase in water percolation capacity which has lot of positive impacts in the vicinity.
C)SUPPORT AGRICULTURAL INPUTS TO DISTRESSED DROUGHT FAMILIES
Manovlok is introducing a new project “Accessibility of Farming Equipment to Small Land Holder Farmers” to uplift the Indian farmers’ economic by using modern technologies. The project is going to implement during Kharif season.The main goal of the project is to abolish poverty among poor farmers through minimizing their expenses on agriculture. Some immediate objectives and implementation assessment targets are as given below:
I. To mechanise end-to-end operations of Crops cultivation identified clusters by forming Farmers’ Groups.
II. Minimise cultivation expenses by 33 %.
III. Increase operational efficiency by timely farm operation.
IV. Save wastage at harvesting stage by 20%.
The aim of the “Plant a Tree” appeal is to support planting of native trees to reconnect fragmented habitat and provide additional food sources for bird and animal populations. Trees selected for planting are a mixture of native species that grow naturally in nearby, established forest. Once the saplings are planted out on the reserve, they are checked and monitored to ensure successful establishment. “TREE CUP” aim of this activity is to involve and motivate peoples for plantation and growing the saplings and creating awareness of plantation. In this activity at least 50-100 saplings to daily wage workers will be given to nurture for a year. For each mature plant Rs.25-35 will be paid and this activity will be carried in the villages.The village growing more saplings in a year will be awarded and so on.