Water Projects

Water Projects :

This project is designed for sustainable development of farmers by increasing the production of farmers through water conservation and soil conservation.


A. Watershed Development Project : Navnirman Project

Navnirman is an integrated water resource management project dealing with the water & soil conservation, awareness, capacity building & exposure activities to the farmers, use of water efficient devices, water budgeting, organic farming & sustainable livelihood. The project is being implemented since 2017 in 20 villages of Ambejogai & Parli blocks from Beed district.The project is financially supported by L&T Financial Services Mumbai.


Navnirman Project interventions are as follows:-


a) Compartment Bunding (CB):-

• Stone bunding is done in the hills or areas where smooth stones of 1 ft x 1 ft are available.

• Manpower is used to treat this

• The size of the Stone Banding is in the horizon Stone bunding is due to soil conservation and water conservation


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b) Stone Bunding:

• This activity is similar to compartment bunding, except few changes.

• It is performed by constructing bund of size 0.30*0.80 *0.60 M with stone available at site

• It is totally executed with help of labors

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c) Water Accumulating DeepTrenches (WADTs):

• This structure is constructed by making a trench of 5*3*2 M in size along the streams or brooks.

• Where there is moderate flow WADTs create a barrier to flowing water & alsotraps fertile soil.

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d) Cement Nala Bund (CNB):-

• This activity is performed to create more water storage .

• It is totally a construction work executed with the help of machines & skilled labors.

• A bund in 2 meter height along river basin constructed & stores back water upto 100 meters.

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e) Composite Gabion Bunds:-

• This activity is similar to that of Cement Nala Bunds except cost difference .

• This structure almost store the similar quantity that of CNBs

• It is totally executed with help of labors ,a concrete wall of 2M is constructed partially underground and on ground then stone with chain mesh are bounded together to increase its strength.

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f) Desilting and pouring silt in farm land :-

• This activity is executed with the help of earthmovers machinery. A fertile silt from dry water body is excavated by Machines and farmers cart that fertile soil to their farm with bearing the transportation cost.

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g) Doha:

• This activity helps in rejuvenating the rivers.

• Rejuvenation is done by widening & deepening of existing Nala or river.

• The size of doha varies between 10-15 M as per the local sites

• It is totally executed with help of Heavy earthmover Machinery like poclain.

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h) Deep continuous contour trench (DCCT) :

• This activity is executed with the help of earthmovers machinery, a trench of size 1*1 M along the contour line is excavated so that more water will be stored.

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i) Loose Boulder Structure (LBS):

• Are small structures constructed in the upper ridge of watershed area or waste land (having slop more than 5%), undulating topography and/or where run off is high.

• It is performed by labors with stone available at local site

• It tends to protect soil erosion from hilly area & also helps in vegetation.

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j) Earthen Nala Bund (ENB) :

• These are generally built to temporarily halt the flow of water, to enable the soil conservation & storage of water.

• The bund created is the mixture of soft rock & black cotton soil.

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k) Recharge Shaft:

• This activity is performed in river basin where water percolation is poor. A 100 feet bore-well is drilled & trench of 2.5*2*2 Meter is created & filled with the stones, pebbles & sand.

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l) Rejuvenation of Tube-Wells:

• This activity is performed to rejuvenate defunct existing bore-well.

• A trench of 2.5*2*2 Meter is created & filled with the stones, pebbles & sand.

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m) Shivansh (Compost):

• This activity has been added as the promotional demos for good agricultural practices.

• It is performed by preparing a net dimension 4*12 feet and filled with organic material available at site.

• A exposure to different temperature and material shift in three stages tends to produce a compost in 18 days.

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n) Awareness & Capacity Building Activities:

• Awareness on watershed development, tree plantation, climate resilience, water budgeting, organic farming &group farming.

• Capacity building on watershed, good agriculture practices, water efficient devices, agriculture, horticulture etc.

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Table describing achievements of Navnirman Project activities.


TYPES OF ACTIVITY UNIT QUANTITY BENEFICIARIES VILLAGES
DIRECT INDIRECT
Compartment Bunding Hectare 1120 1059
WADT Number 2263 411
Desilting Cubic Metre 160554.8 408
Doha (River Rejuvenation) Number 355 668
Deep CCT Hectare 741.13 306
LBS Number 2405 300
ENB Number 22 23
Rejuvenation of Borewell Number 10 10
Recharge Shaft Number 58 58
ENB Number 22 23
CNB Number 2 2
Agriculture Horticulture (AH) Number 8025 356
Dryland Horticulture (DH) Hectare 155 258
Water Tanks Number 349 349
Wall Budget Paintings Villages 20
Awareness Program Villages 20
Capacity Building workshop Villages 5
VLW Trainings Numbers 2
Stone Bunding Running Metre (RMT) 10019 39
Composite Gabion Bund Numbers 5 6
Soil Testing Numbers 959 896
Shivansh (Compost) Numbers 307 307
Distribution of Water Efficient Devices Numbers 40 40
Total 5550 41331 20

B.Water and Soil Conservation

Marathwada is well-known for drought prone area. Manavlok implements several activities in hundreds villages to minimize the problems of people due to drought. Previously, Rural Development Ministry, Govt. of India had selected Manavlok as implementing organization for District level Monitoring Program to monitor rural development schemes in five districts (i.e. Beed, Latur, Hingoli, Gadchiroli and Yavatmal) of Maharashtra.

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TYPES OF ACTIVITY VILLAGES TOTAL
Check dams and Farm Ponds 51 275
Employment resource created 49 129046 (person days)
Land under irrigation for rabbi crop 104 12000 acres
Micro Water-shed development 81 29455 acres
New wells installed 106 628 wells
Old wells Repaired 91 1390
Overflow (CNB) 41 178
Roof water harvesting 8 8 institutions
Water Accumulating Deep Trenches (WADTs) 9 225

C.Galmukt Dharan, Galyukt Shivar:

Ambitious project of Maharashtra Govt., ‘Galmukt Dharan, Galyukt Shivar”, is being carried out in Marathwada area by Manavlok. The main objective of this scheme is to remove silt from the dried dams & spread it over nearby farms of farmers from that dam area so that it will help to restore the original water storage capacity of dams & to increase the soil fertility & crop production. Currently MANAVLOK is the implementing partner of Maharashtra government for this scheme in Beed district. We have implemented Dam desilting pilots in 2016 in Beed across 6 dams and have desilted more than 50 dams, more than two million cubic meters of silt over last 4 years from 6 districts, 14 blocks of Marathwada. In the current year, we plan to adopt Beed district and excavate more than 4 million cubic meter silt. As per our impact assessments on the activity- there are remarkable outcomes of pouring of silt on the dry land farm; Production of farm without pouring silt yield 1 quintal approximate per acre and Production of farm with pouring silt yield 3 quintals per acre and desilted water bodies now have more water storage capacity and increase in water percolation capacity which has lot of positive impacts in the vicinity.


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D. Water Resource Management Project:

The objective of the project is the enhancement of agriculture production by desilting the wells which will enable farmers to draw water from the wells in times of scarcity& to supply sprinkler sets & develop the micro-irrigation systems which will enable farmers to draw water from the wells or farm ponds into their farm land in times of scarcity. This project is financially supported & implemented by Clearing Corporation of India (CCIL) & Manavlok organization inthe villages of Ambejogai, Parli, Dharur, Keij blocks of Beed district &villages from Lohara, Omerga blocks of Osmanabad districts of Maharashtra. Because of desilting of wells, farmers have started using the wells they had abandoned. This rejuvenation of old well has also created availability of water in Rabi season. This activity has benefited the farmers by increasing their crop production. 312 wells were visited and verified out of which 200 wells were selected &desilted. Implementation of this project has deepened the wells up to 15 feet. Approximately, 30% of desilted wells have added 3 to 4 feet of percolated water in it. Some of the wells were completely dry, and now have water because of the work undertaken. Now farmer, the neighbors along with the cattle in the field have water to drink. The work led to employment of labour for roughly 50 man-days per well. This also benefitted the crane owner who got up to Rs. 12,000 for one well. Moreover, it is difficult to quantify or describe in words the happiness seen on the face of farmer when water is seen in the well which was dry and abandoned. The water has proved useful during Rabi season. With sprinklers available for irrigation, farmers are now saving more water compared to traditional harvest seasons & they are very effectively growing their crops. This activity has created availability of water in Rabi season. This activity has benefited the farmers by increasing their crop production. Implementation of this project has increased crop production up to 35% compared to last harvesting seasons. Now, the farmers have taken Rabbi crops and they are expecting an extra yield of 3 to 4 quintals per acre. Moreover, it is difficult to quantify or describe in words the happiness seen on the face of farmer when crops are seen in the well condition inside farm. The sprinklers haveproved useful during Rabi season also.

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