Marathwada is unfortunately infamous for drought. MANAVLOK implements several activities in hundreds of villages to minimize the problems of people due to drought and make village water abundant. The best way to tackle this scarcity is watershed development. As Man and his environment are interdependent, the changes in the surrounding environment directly affect the lives of the people depending on it. We are implementing following activities to achieve the goal of drought proof village.Previously state government of Maharashtra selected MANAVLOK as the ‘Mother NGO’ for implementing WSD program. For this project government of Maharashtra selected 13 NGOs from Maharashtra on the basis of their contribution and experience in watershed development and water management.
1) Continuous Contour Trench (CCT):-
CCT’s are excavating continuous trenches (60 cm wide x 30 cm. deep) on continuous contour lines which are mark, prepared with the help of contour marker.Trenching was started from top to bottom. Distance between two trenches is depends upon the slope as well as availability of time and resources.
2) Deep Continuous Contour Trench (DCCT):
• This activity is executed with the help of earthmovers machinery, a trench of size 1*1 M along the contour line is excavated so that more water will be stored.
3) Loose Boulder Structure (LBS):
• These are small structures constructed in the upper ridge of watershed area or waste land (having slop more than 5%), undulating topography and/or where run off is high. It is performed by labors with stone available at local site. It tends to protect soil erosion from hilly area and also helps in vegetation.
4) Stone Bunding:
• This activity is approximately similar to farm bunding. It is performed by constructing bund of size 0.30*0.80 *0.60 M with stone available at site. It can be only performed with the help of labors.
5. Earthen Nala Bund (ENB):
• These are generally built to temporarily halt the flow of water, to enable the soil conservation and storage of water. The bund created is the mixture of soft rock and black cotton soil.
6. Composite Gabion Bund:
• This activity is combination of gabion structures and Cement Nala Bunds except cost difference. This structure stores water almost similar to the quantity that of CNBs but comparatively very low cost. It is totally executed with the help of labors. A concrete wall of 2M is constructed partially then stone with chain mesh are bounded together to increase its strength.
7. Farm Bunding (FB):
• This is a water andsoil moisture controlling activity performed at the slope area of the farm field. The bunds of one meter wide one meter deep are constructed with the help of backhoe loader machine or manual labor work. The basic purpose of this activity is to control the fertile soil erosion from farm field.
8. Water Accumulating DeepTrenches (WADTs):
•This structure is constructed by making a trench of 5*3*2 M in size along the streams or brooks where there is moderate flow.WADTs create a barrier to flowing water andalsotrap fertile soil.
9. Farm Pond:
• Farm pond is a structure constructed to store the water in farm by excavating a pit and provided during the scarcity of water to plants. Farm ponds are small tanks or reservoirs constructed for the purpose of storing water essentially from surface runoff.
10. Cement Nala Bund (CNB):
• This activity is performed to create more water storage. It is totally a construction work executed with the help of machines and skilled labors. A bund in 2 meter height along river basin constructed and stores back water upto 100 meters.
11. Desilting and Pouring Silt In Farm Land:
This activity is executed with the help of earthmovers machinery. Fertile silt from dry water body is excavated by Machines and farmers cart that fertile soil to their farm. The main objective of this activity is to remove silt from the dried dams and spread it over nearby farms of farmers from that dam area so that it will help to restore the original water storage capacity of dams and to increase the soil fertility and crop production.
We are implementingdam desilting pilots since 2016 and have desilted more than 50 dams, more than four million cubic meters of silt from 6 districts, 14 blocks of Marathwada. MANAVLOK is working with Maharashtra Govt., on its ambitious project of ‘Galmukt Dharan, Galyukt Shivar”.
• This activity helps in rejuvenating the different water structures.Rejuvenation is done by widening and deepening of existing nala or river. The size of Doha varies between 10-15 M as per the local sites.It is totally executed with the help of heavy earthmover machinery.
13. Recharge Shaft:
• This activity is performed in river basin where water percolation is poor mostly in black cotton soil. A 100 feet bore-well is drilled and trench of 2.5*2*2 Meter is created and filled with the stones, pebbles and sand so this can help to increase recharge.
14. Rejuvenation of River Holna:
• Rejuvenation work of Holna river and its tributaries was carried out in the villages of Patoda, Palaskheda, Devala from Ambajogai block of Beed district. The work of rejuvenation started in January, 2016 in the auspicious presence of renowned Water Expert Honorable Mr.Rajendra Singh. More than 10 KM of work has been completed in these villages. The beneficiary villages contributed through Shramdaan and through people’s contribution also. Different activities were carried out like deepening and widening of river, nalas with compartment bunding , construction of Doha, soak pits, tree plantation etc. MANAVLOK raised 75% of the money required for this work, rest of the funds were raised through peoples contribution.
15. Rejuvenation of Tube-Wells:
• This activity is performed to rejuvenate defunct existing bore-well.A trench of 2.5*2*2 Meter is created and filled with the stones, pebbles and sand.
16. Desilting and Deepening of Old Wells:
• The objective of this activity is the enhancement of agriculture production by desilting the old wells which will enable farmers to draw water from the wells in times of scarcity. Because of desilting of wells, farmers have started using the wells they had abandoned. This rejuvenation of old well has also created availability of water in Rabi Season. This activity has given benefitsto the farmers in terms of increased crop production.
17. Water Saving Devices:
• The objective of this activity to supply drip/sprinkler sets and develop the micro-irrigation systems which will enable farmers to utilize water from the wells or farm ponds into their farm land in times of scarcity as optimum utilization. With drip/sprinklers available for irrigation, farmers are now saving more water compared to traditional method and they are effectively growing their crops.
For all above activities, we got financial support from our partners like L&TFS, UPS, Caring Friends, A.T.E. Chandra Foundation, Merico, Thermax etc.
B. Aasha Ki Bunde- A project by Unicef, Acwadam and MANAVLOK
The main purpose of this project is to ‘Strengthen the Institutional Arrangements for Drinking Water Safety and Security Planning and its implementation in rural areas of Maharashtra’ supported by evidence generation and upstream advocacy with demonstration in three districts (Latur, Pune, Osmanabad) of Maharashtra.
Role of MANAVLOK for this project is as of CBO (Community Based Organization) for Latur district. Initiated in September 2018, project duration is of three years in which 45 villages will be covered from Latur district . In first phase, we are working in 5 pilot villages from Ahmadpur block of Latur. Later on this project will be implemented in remaining 40 scale-up villages from Latur, Ausa, Chakur and Renapur blocks from Latur district.
To prepare aquifer level groundwater management plans for improved village level water security for sustained water in 5 pilot locations, To create a cadre of trained 45 CRPs (Community Resource Persons) for improving last mile access to attain drinking water sustainability in the village, To develop a public document consisting resource kits, IEC (Information Education Communication)/SBCC (Social Behavior Change Communication) material and road map to replication in other over-exploited and water scarce areas, To advocate for water security through convergence of various development schemes at the GP, block and district level and implementation of Maharashtra Groundwater (Development and Management) Act 2009, Integrate sustainability elements in Nation and State Rural Drinking Water Program by aligning it with the village institutions etc.
Saline Soil Reclamation
MANAVLOK team worked on a project of reclaiming saline soil in few villages of Shirur Block, Pune (Project: Lavan2020) by removing silt, provided advisory support to the villagers about saline soil management and micro-irrigation techniques. Overall, this project helped rejuvenate 16 km stream by deepening & widening and implemented compartment bunding in 2000 acres to reduce soil salinity and groundwater runoff thereby benefiting 400 families directly.